Xanax is one of a group of medicines known as Benzodiazepines. Benzodiazepines are Central Nervous System (CNS) depressants that are used as antianxiety and antipanic agents, but are also used as antitremor medicines and as a sedative. Xanax may also be known as Alprazolam, and is used to treat anxiety, panic, and some seizure disorders.
Be sure to tell your doctor of any allergies you have whether it is to medication or food, preservatives, or dyes. Tell your doctor immediately if you are, or become pregnant, or are breastfeeding, as Xanax may affect your baby. Also, tell your doctor of any other medications you are taking, including vitamins and supplements, and any medical conditions you may have.
Avoid alcohol when taking this medicine.
It is very important that you take this medicine exactly as your doctor tells you to. Do not take more or less medicine than directed, and never stop taking Xanax without discussing it with your doctor first.
If you miss a dose of this medicine, and you remember within an hour or so of when you should have taken the dose, take it immediately. If it’s been longer than an hour, skip the dose and continue with the next one. DO NOT double doses.
Check with your doctor as soon as possible if any of the following side effects occur: anxiety; confusion; fast, pounding, or irregular heartbeat; lack of memory of events taking place after benzodiazepine is taken; mental depression; abnormal thinking, delusions; agitation; behavior changes; convulsions; hallucinations; muscle weakness; skin rash or itching; sore throat, fever, and chills; trouble sleeping; ulcers or sores in mouth or throat; uncontrolled movements of body, including the eyes; unusual bleeding or bruising; unusual excitement, nervousness, or irritability; unusual tiredness or weakness; or yellow eyes or skin.
Xanax tablets contain alprazolam which is a triazolo analog of the 1, 4 benzodiazepine class of central nervous system-active compounds. The chemical name of alprazolam is 8-Chloro-1-methyl-6-phenyl-4H-s-triazolo [4,3-a][1,4] benzodiazepine. Alprazolam is a white crystalline powder, which is soluble in methanol or ethanol but which has no appreciable solubility in water at physiological pH. Each Xanax tablet, for oral administration, contains 0.25, 0.5, 1 or 2 mg of alprazolam. Inactive Ingredients: Cellulose, corn starch, docusate sodium, lactose, magnesium stearate, silicon dioxide, and sodium benzoate. In addition, the 0.5 mg tablet contains FD&C yellow no. 6 and the 1 mg tablet contains FD&C blue no. 2.
Xanax has the following structural formula: