Valium, may also be called Diazepam, and is one of the Benzodiazepine group of medicines. These are Central Nervous System (CNS) depressants and are used to relieve anxiety. Valium is also used to help relax muscles or relieve muscle spasm. Valium injection is even used before some medical procedures to relieve anxiety and to reduce the memory of the procedure, to treat the symptoms of alcohol withdrawal, and is used in the treatment of certain seizure disorders like epilepsy.
Be sure to tell your doctor of any allergies you have whether it is to medication or food, preservatives, or dyes. Also tell your doctor of any other medications you are taking, including vitamins and supplements, and any medical conditions you may have.
Avoid alcohol when taking this medicine.
It is very important that you take this medicine exactly as your doctor tells you to. Do not take more or less medicine than directed, and do not stop taking Valium without discussing it with your doctor first.
If you miss a dose of this medicine, take it as soon as you remember, unless it is almost time for your next dose. Do NOT double doses.
Check with your doctor right away if any of the following side effects occur: anxiety; confusion; irregular heartbeat; lack of memory; mental depression; abnormal thinking, delusions, or loss of sense of reality; agitation; behavior changes; convulsions; hallucinations; low blood pressure; muscle weakness; skin rash or itching; sore throat, fever, and chills; trouble in sleeping; ulcers or sores in mouth or throat; uncontrolled movements of the body; unusual bleeding or bruising; unusual excitement, nervousness, or irritability; unusual tiredness or severe weakness; or yellow eyes or skin.
Valium (diazepam) is a benzodiazepine derivative. The chemical name of diazepam is 7-chloro-1, 3-dihydro-1-methyl-5-phenyl-2H-1, 4-benzodiazepin-2-one. It is a colorless to light yellow crystalline compound, insoluble in water. The empirical formula is C16H13C1N2O and the molecular weight is 284.75. Valium is available for oral administration as tablets containing 2 mg, 5 mg or 10 mg diazepam. In addition to the active ingredient diazepam, each tablet contains the following inactive ingredients: anhydrous lactose, corn starch, pregelatinized starch and calcium stearate with the following dyes: 5-mg tablets contain FD&C Yellow No. 6 and D&C Yellow No. 10; 10-mg tablets contain FD&C Blue No. 1. Valium 2-mg tablets contain no dye.
Valium has the following structural formula: