Retin A is the bran name for the generic drug tretinoin topical, which is a cream. Other brand names for this medication are Tretin-X, Retin A Micro Gel, Altinac, Avita and Renova.
This is a topical cream that is a form of vitamin A, which enables the skin to renew itself. Brand names Retin A and Avita are used to treat acne. Renova is used to improve the appearance of skin, such as fine wrinkles, mottled discoloration and smooth rough facial skin. This drug can also be used to treat other conditions that are not listed here.
When using Retin A, it is important to avoid sunlight or artificial UV rays, such as sun lamps, or tanning beds. Skin is more sensitive when using this cream and protective clothing and sunscreen, a minimum of SPF 15 should be used when outdoors. This medication should not be used on skin that is sunburned, wind burned, chapped, dry, broken or irritated. Avoid using it near wounds, eczema patches, mouth, eyes, nostrils and lips. If the medication gets into these areas was them thoroughly with water.
The US FDA categorizes drugs based on safety for pregnant women. Retin A is categorized as C. This indicates that this drug may cause harm to an unborn child, but you should discuss all risk factors with your doctor before taking this medication if you are expecting. Retin A can pass through breast milk to an infant. Do not take ampicillin if you are nursing; discuss the safety with the pediatrician and your physician first.
Follow your doctor’s instructions precisely when using this medication. Optimal effect may not occur until weeks or months after beginning treatment. For the first few weeks, your skin may appear worse. If your skin irritation is severe or lasts more than eight weeks, contact your physician. Using more of the medication will not make it work better. Wash your hands completely after application. Do not apply to wet skin and wait at least twenty minutes after washing your skin before applying. Apply only a thin layer of this medication to the areas directed by your doctors. Do not wash until at least an hour after application. Excessive amounts of the brand Retin A Micro Gel can cause a build up of the medication, make sure to use a thinner layer of gel during the next application if this occurs.
Use of this medication should include a total skin care treatment, such as diet, avoiding sunlight, appropriate sunscreen and protective clothing when outdoors. Store this drug at room temperature and away from moisture. Gel formulas of this medication are flammable and should be kept away from an open flame.
This drug has not been shown to cause any overdose symptoms. If you believe you have overdosed or are experiencing sever side affects, contact your physician. If you skip a dose, apply the medicine as soon as you remember. If it is close to the regularly scheduled next application, do not double up.
While taking this drug avoid using skin products that can irritate. Products that can irritate skin are soaps, shampoos, skin cleansers, certain hair colorings and any product that contains astringents, lime, spices, or alcohol. Do not use skin products that contain benzoyl peroxide, sulfure, resorcinol or salicylic acid, unless approved by your physician. Only use products that are recommended by your doctor.
A severe reaction indicates an allergy which may be life-threatening, seek emergency medical intervention. Allergic reaction presents as shortness of breath, hives, swelling of lips, throat, face or tongue, fainting or rash. Other side effects such as burning, itching, redness, tingling, stinging, swelling, peeling and discolored skin should be discussed with your doctor.
Any further questions or information needed can be obtained from a pharmacists or your doctor.
Retin-A Micro (tretinoin gel) microsphere, 0.1% and 0.04%, is a formulation containing 0.1% or 0.04%, by weight, tretinoin for topical treatment of acne vulgaris. This formulation uses patented methyl methacrylate/glycol dimethacrylate crosspolymer porous microspheres (MICROSPONGE System) to enable inclusion of the active ingredient, tretinoin, in an aqueous gel. Other components of this formulation are purified water, carbomer 974P (0.04% formulation), carbomer 934P (0.1% formulation), glycerin, disodium EDTA, propylene glycol, sorbic acid, PPG-20 methyl glucose ether distearate, cyclomethicone and dimethicone copolyol, benzyl alcohol, trolamine, and butylated hydroxytoluene. Chemically, tretinoin is all- trans -retinoic acid, also known as (all- E)-3,7-dimethyl-9- (2,6,6-trimethyl-1-cyclohexen-1-yl)-2,4,6,8- nonatetraenoic acid. It is a member of the retinoid family of compounds, and a metabolite of naturally occurring Vitamin A. Tretinoin has a molecular weight of 300.44.
Retin A has the following structural formula: