Prozac, also called Fluoxetine, is used to treat mental depression. It is also used to treat obsessive-compulsive disorder, bulimia nervosa, and premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD).
Prozac belongs to a group of medicines known as Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs), which are thought to work by increasing the activity of serotonin in the brain.
Be sure to tell your doctor of any allergies you have whether it is to medication or food, preservatives, or dyes. Tell your doctor immediately if you are, or become pregnant, or are breastfeeding, as it is unknown how Prozac may affect your baby. Also, tell your doctor of any other medications you are taking, including vitamins and supplements, and any medical conditions you may have.
Avoid alcohol when taking this medicine.
It is very important that you take this medicine exactly as your doctor tells you to. Do not take more or less medicine than directed, and never stop taking Prozac without discussing it with your doctor first.
If you miss a dose of this medicine, skip it. Do NOT double doses.
Talk with your doctor as soon as possible if any of the following side effects occur: decreased sexual drive or ability; inability to sit still; restlessness; skin rash, hives, or itching; chills or fever; joint or muscle pain; breast enlargement or pain; convulsions; fast or irregular heartbeat; purple or red spots on skin; symptoms of low blood sugar, including anxiety or nervousness, chills, cold sweats, confusion, cool pale skin, difficulty in concentration, drowsiness, excessive hunger, fast heartbeat, headache, shakiness or unsteady walk, or unusual tiredness or weakness; symptoms of low blood sodium, including confusion, convulsions, drowsiness, dryness of mouth, increased thirst, lack of energy; symptoms of serotonin syndrome, including diarrhea, fever, increased sweating, mood or behavior changes, overactive reflexes, racing heartbeat, restlessness, shivering or shaking; talking, feeling, and acting with excitement and activity you cannot control; trouble in breathing; unusual or incomplete body or facial movements; or unusual secretion of milk, in females.
Prozac (fluoxetine hydrochloride) is a psychotropic drug for oral administration. It is also marketed for the treatment of premenstrual dysphoric disorder (SarafemÒ , fluoxetine hydrochloride). It is designated (±)-N-methyl-3-phenyl-3-[(a,a,a-trifluoro-p- tolyl)oxy]propylamine hydrochloride and has the empirical formula of C17H18F3NO·HCl. Its molecular weight is 345.79. Each Pulvule contains fluoxetine hydrochloride equivalent to 10 mg (32.3 mmol), 20 mg (64.7 mmol), or 40 mg (129.3 mmol) of fluoxetine. The Pulvules also contain starch, gelatin, silicone, titanium dioxide, iron oxide, and other inactive ingredients. The 10- and 20-mg Pulvules also contain FD&C Blue No. 1, and the 40-mg Pulvule also contains FD&C Blue No. 1 and FD&C Yellow No. 6. Each tablet contains fluoxetine hydrochloride equivalent to 10 mg (32.3 mmol) of fluoxetine. The tablets also contain microcrystalline cellulose, magnesium stearate, crospovidone, hypromellose, titanium dioxide, polyethylene glycol, and yellow iron oxide. In addition to the above ingredients, the 10-mg tablet contains FD&C Blue No. 1 aluminum lake and polysorbate 80. Prozac Weekly capsules, a delayed-release formulation, contain enteric-coated pellets of fluoxetine hydrochloride equivalent to 90 mg (291 mmol) of fluoxetine. The capsules also contain D&C Yellow No. 10, FD&C Blue No. 2, gelatin, hypromellose, hydroxypropyl methylcellulose acetate succinate, sodium lauryl sulfate, sucrose, sugar spheres, talc, titanium dioxide, triethyl citrate, and other inactive ingredients.
Prozac has the following structural formula: