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    Phenytoin
Phenytoin Phenytoin review
by
Pharmacy and Drugs


     .: Prescription

Phenytoin is an anti-epileptic. It works by slowing down impulses in the brain that cause seizures. Phenytoin is used to control seizures.

You may not be able to take phenytoin, or you may require a lower dose or special monitoring during treatment if you have or ever had liver disease. Phenytoin may also increase blood sugar. So if you are diabetic and taking phenytoin, watch for any changes in blood sugar levels that may caused by this medication. Do not take phenytoin without first talking to your doctor if you are pregnant or could become pregnant during treatment. Phenytoin passes into breast milk and may affect a nursing infant.

Phenytoin is available as capsule, tablet, injectables and oral suspension. Take phenytoin exactly as directed by the doctor. Take each dose with a full glass of water and take it with food to lessen stomach upset. Do not crush, chew or break the capsules. Swallow them whole. They are specially formulated to release the drug slowly into the body. Chew the chewable tablets thoroughly or break them into small pieces before swallowing. Shake the liquid form well before use. Measure the suspension with a special dose-measuring spoon or cup, not with a regular tablespoon. It is important to take phenytoin regularly to get the most benefit. Do not stop taking phenytoin even if you feel better. It is important to continue taking medication to prevent seizures from recurring. Brush and floss your teeth as directed to reduce the risk of gum disease while taking phenytoin. Store phenytoin at room temperature away from moisture, light and heat. Take the missed dose as soon as you remember. However, if it is almost time for the next dose, skip the dose you missed and take only the next regularly scheduled dose. Do not take a double dose of this medication.

Symptoms of phenytoin overdose include back-and-forth eye movements, slurred speech, stumbling or staggering walk, imbalance, drowsiness, unconsciousness, nausea, vomiting, tremor, low blood pressure and slow breathing. Seek emergency medical treatment if an overdose is suspected.

While taking phenytoin, do not drink alcohol. Alcohol can cause deep sedation or sleepiness. It may also increase the risk of seizures. Use caution when driving, operating machinery or performing other hazardous activities. Phenytoin may cause dizziness or drowsiness.

Side effects of phenytoin include allergic reaction, hallucinations, slurred speech, rash, and change in vision, agitation, low blood pressure, abdominal pain, easy bruising or bleeding or swollen gums. If you experienced any of these side effects, seek medical attention.

Phenytoin sodium is an antiepileptic drug. Phenytoin sodium is related to the barbiturates in chemical structure, but has a five-membered ring. The chemical name is 5,5-diphenyl-2,4-imidazolidinedione. Each Dilantin - Extended Phenytoin Sodium Capsule, USP-contains 30 mg or 100 mg phenytoin sodium. Also contains lactose, confectioner's sugar, talc, and magnesium stearate. The capsule shell and band contain colloidal silicon dioxide, FD&C red No. 3, gelatin, glyceryl monooleate, sodium lauryl sulfate. The Dilantin 30-mg capsule shell and band also contain citric acid, FD&C blue No. 1, sodium benzoate, titanium dioxide. The Dilantin 100-mg capsule shell and band also contain FD&C yellow No. 6, purified water, and polyethylene glycol 200.

Phenytoin has the following structural formula:

Phenytoin chemical structure
Brand name: Dilantin :: Dilantin 125 :: Dilantin Kapseals :: Phenytek

Similar drugs: Zomig :: Aleve :: Zolmitriptan

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.: Add date: 2010-01-16 18:23:24 .: Score: 5

Use phinetoin, easily disruptable, lost of consentration, lost of memory, can t get enough oxigen,can t breath properly

Submitted by anonymous


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