Microzide is a commonly prescribed diuretic used in the prevention of edema particularly in patients suffering from congestive heart failure, kidney disorders, cirrhosis of the liver, or water retention brought on by the chronic use of steroids or estrogen. It has also been found to be effective in treating hypertension in some patients.
Diuretics are a common sulfa drug, a synthetic form of antimicrobial medication, and should not be used by anyone who has had allergic reactions to sulfa drugs in the past. Generically referred to as hydrochlorothiazide, its job in the body is to decrease the volume of blood in the body in order to decrease peripheral vascular resistance. Microzide has been shown to prevent kidney stones in patients afflicted with congestive heart failure and related kidney disorders.
Naturally, Microzide does present side effects with its usage. If a patient experiences dry mouth and nausea and vomiting, weakness with drowsiness and lightheadedness, numbness and tingling sensations, or a red and blistering rash over the body and face, treatment with the medication should stop at once. If a patient presents with jaundice or low fever accompanied by nausea, vomiting, dark urine or clay like stools, and a significant loss of appetite the treatment should as well be stopped immediately and medical care should be sought.
The use of alcohol while taking Microzide can increase the normal side effects such as diarrhea, stomach pain, constipation, or blurry vision. These side effects tend to be fairly mild and dosages can be adjusted to make these side effects more tolerable if necessary.
An accidental or intentional overdose of the medication can cause severe side effects such as nausea, weakness of the muscles and associated pain, overall weakness, dizziness, dry mouth, and uncommon levels of thirst. Medical attention is necessary should an overdose occur.
The American Food and Drug Administration rates Microzide as a pregnancy risk B. The medication is not expected to cause harm to a fetus, although it passes through breast milk and may be harmful to a breast feeding baby. The patient needs to discuss pregnancy and breast feeding risks with their physician in order to determine the risk factor involved.
Microzide is also prescribed most commonly as Carozide, Diaqua, Esidrix, Ezide, and Oretic. Any hydrochlorothiazide should not be prescribed to patients who cannot readily urinate.
Regularly intervalled blood tests are required to monitor potential damage in the body, particularly to the liver or kidneys during treatment. Urine tests may be added if there is suspicion of dehydration or if there has been regular vomiting. Fluid consumption must be monitored, especially in warmer weather. Too much fluid can be equally as harmful as too little fluid, so it is important that a patient receives specific fluid intake instructions when starting Microzide.
As with any diuretic, care must be taken when prescribing Microzide with other medications. Dangerous interactions can occur if a patient is taking lithium, blood pressure medications, digoxin, insulin or any oral diabetic medication, steroids, or NSAID pain relievers. These interactions can cause serious side effects or death.
Despite the risk of side effects, Microzide is an effective treatment for patients suffering with congestive heart failure or cirrhosis of the liver. Limiting the blood capacity in the body is a necessary treatment to help these patients survive.
Generic name: Hydrochlorothiazide
Brand name(s): Carozide :: Diaqua :: Esidrix :: Ezide :: Hydro Par :: HydroDIURIL :: Loqua :: Oretic
Similar drugs: Diltiazem ::