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  Sleep disorder

A sleep disorder is a disorder in sleep pattern. It includes difficulty falling or staying asleep, difficulty staying awake during the day, sleeping too much, difficulty sleeping during normal sleep hours at night, abnormal behaviors during sleep, which disrupt sleep, or unrefreshing sleep. Snoring is not a sleep disorder but it can be a symptom of a serious sleep disorder.

Sleep disorder
Sleep disorder


Symptoms of sleep disorders include sleep deprivation. You may not be getting enough restful sleep and you may have sleeping disorder if you do feel irritable during the day, difficulty staying awake, fall asleep while driving, have difficulty paying attention, performing below your potential, react slowly, emotional outbursts, and require caffeinated beverages to keep yourself going.

Insomnia is lack of quality sleep, which can be short-term or chronic. It can be caused by several factors such as stress, change in sleep schedule, and an underlying medical or psychiatric condition. Sleep apnea is another sleep disorder. It is characterized by cessation of periodic breathing during sleep. Sleep apnea is life threatening. It is a progressive disorder and treatment is really necessary. Choking, gasping, loud snoring, sudden awakenings are just some of the symptoms. Restless leg syndrome (RLS) is a disorder characterized by tingly, uncomfortable creeping sensations in your legs. This results in an urge to keep them moving. Symptoms occur while you are lying down, resting or relaxing and improve when you move your legs. Periodic limb movement disorder (PLMD) is another sleep disorder characterized by movement of limbs. Rhythmic jerky movements of feet or legs during sleep are common. Narcolepsy is a neurological disorder wherein the central nervous system is impaired in regulating sleep. Falling asleep can happen in activities like walking, driving or cooking. It is very dangerous.

There are factors to consider when diagnosing sleep disorders. These includes your description of symptoms, age and gender, psychological history, medical history, and a family member’s or partner’s observation of disruptive sleep patterns. Risk factors for sleep disorders are poor sleep environment, excessive caffeine or alcohol, use of certain medications and drug, smoking or chewing tobacco, anxiety, depression, stress, unhealthy sleep routine, and obesity. You can reduce your risk of developing sleep disorder by changing your lifestyle and by consulting your doctor.

Prevention of sleep disorder is by educating yourself about the sleep cycle, sleep stages, and common sleep disorders. Developing a healthy sleep routine and talking to your doctor will also help.

In order to have a good night sleep, follow the following tips. Do not nap during the day. Taking a nap during the day will reset your body clock, making it difficult for you to sleep at night. Limit caffeine and alcohol. Alcohol can interrupt normal sleep patterns. Do not smoke. Nicotine disrupts sleep because it is a stimulant. Expose yourself to sunlight to regulate your biological clock. Exercise early in the day or in the afternoon but not during bedtime. Make your bedroom comfortable and well ventilated. Make your room only as a place for sleeping. Place your clock so you can’t see the time. Focusing on the time will make you feel anxious. Keep a regular schedule. Going to bed and waking up at the same time everyday will help your body expect sleep at the same time everyday. Listening to music may slow down your body and signals you that it is time to sleep. Relaxing and spending a quiet time can also make falling asleep easier. Eat your dinner 2 hours before going to sleep and don’t eat too much. Eating too much can cause indigestion just as drinking too much will make you get up to urinate.

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