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Keloid is a special type of scar resulting in an overgrowth of tissue at the place of healed skin damage. These are dense, rubbery lesions or shiny, fibrous nodules and vary from pink to flesh-colored or red to dark brown in color. Keloid is not toxic but a keloid scar exposed to the sun can increase the possibility on getting skin cancer. A keloid is a benign, noncontagious and commonly not painful, but they can be a cosmetic trouble.

Keloid Skin diseases

Hypertrophic scars should not be confused with keloids, which are raised scars and look shiny and dome-shaped, ranging in color from pink to red that do not develop outside the boundaries of the original wounds and may lessen over time. Some keloids turn into quite large and unsightly. Aside from causing possible cosmetic problems, these exuberant scars tend to be itchy, tender, or even painful to touch.

Doctors do not understand exactly why keloids form in certain individual or situations and not in others. Changes in the cellular signals that control growth and proliferation may be associated to the development of keloid formation, but these changes have not yet been characterized scientifically.

Keloids are less common in children and older individual. Although people with darker skin are more prone to develop them, keloids can also occur in men and women of all skin types. In some cases, the possibility to develop keloids seems to run in families.

Keloids develop most frequently on the chest, back, shoulders, and earlobes. They are not often developing on the face (with the exception of the jaw line).

Keloids can occur following the slight injuries that occur with body piercing. Since doctors do not know the exact reasons why some individuals are more prone to develop keloids, it is not possible to predict whether piercing will lead to keloid development. Although there are a number of families which seem prone to develop keloids, for the most part, it is not possible to tell who will develop a keloid. An individual might, for example, develop a keloid in one earlobe after piercing and not in the other. It makes sense, however, for someone who has formed one keloid to avoid any elective surgery or piercing, especially in body areas prone to scarring.

The best method to deal with a keloid is not to get one. A person who has had a keloid should not undergo elective skin surgeries such as piercing. When it comes to keloids, prevention is crucial, because present treatments are often not fully successful and may not work at all.

The procedures now available to treat keloids are: Cortisone injections, surgery, laser, silicon sheet, cryotherapy, interferon, and fluorouracil.

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