Eczema is a clinical classification for certain inflammations of the outer layers of the skin. Inflammation of the skin is known as dermatitis. The term eczema is used for a broad range of persistent and chronic rashes. These rashes have very specific characteristics – such as redness, drying, itchiness, blistering, cracking and flaking. Eczema, because of the excessive itching, can also have oozing and bleeding. The skin may have a discoloration, though scaring is uncommon.
Because eczema is a description of certain different inflammations, the symptoms are described by the type of eczema presenting on the patient.
Here are some common types of eczema and their symptoms:
• Xerotic is dry skin that turns into eczema due to it’s severity. Limbs and trunk are affected the most. The itchy, tender skin resembles a dry, cracked, river bed. This presentation of eczema is common in the elderly.
• Atopic eczema is believed to be hereditary. Families will have members that also suffer from hay fever and asthma. An itchy rash appears most notably on the inside of elbows, behind the knees, face, scalp neck and buttocks. It can be confused with contact dermatitis.
• Contact eczema has two causes/classifications, allergic (poison ivy) and irritant (reaction to a chemical). Seventy five percent of contact dermatitis is irritant type, being the most common occupational skin disease. Contact eczema is curable provided the offending substance can be avoided, and its traces removed from one’s environment.
• Seborrheic dermatitis is also known as dandruff and cradle cap in babies. The symptoms are dry or greasy scaling of the scalp and eyebrows.
Eczemas that are less common:
• Dyshidrosis is also known as dishwasher’s eczema. It occurs in the palms, soles and between fingers and toes. Tiny, opaque bumps appear called vesicles. The vesicles thicken and crack which cause itching. The itching is worse at nigh and in warm weather
• Discoid eczema is also known as exudative eczema. Presenting symptoms are round spots of oozing or dry rash, with clear boundaries, often on lower legs. Like most eczemas it is worse in winter weather.
• Venous eczema is also known as varicose eczema. Patients with varicose veins, poor circulation and edema are likely to develop venous eczema. It commonly occurs on the ankle of individuals over fifty. Presenting symptoms are redness, scaling, darker skin and itching. This eczema can lead to leg ulcers.
• Dermatitis herpetiformis is also known as Duhring’s Disease. Symptoms are extremely itchy, symmetrical rashes that occur on the arms, thighs, knees and back. It is directly related to celiac disease. Remission will occur with a gluten free diet.
• Neurodermatitis this is also known as lichen simplex chronicus. Symptoms are an itchy area of discolored, thicker eczema patch. It is usually the result of habitual scratching or rubbing. It is curable via behavior modification and anti-inflammatory medications.
• Autoeczematization is also known as id reaction. It is an eczema resulting in an infection due to parasites, fungi, bacteria or viruses. It is completely curable when the original infection is cured.
There are currently eleven different ways to treat eczema and more are on the way. The eleven ways to treat eczema are a combination of treatment and preventive measures.
The eleven methods for eczema remediation are:
• Itch relief
• Managing mental and emotional state
• Light therapy
• Traditional remedies
Moisturizers are not a whole sale cure for eczema itching. Moisturizers need to be matched to the symptoms and type of eczema a patient is experiencing. Moisturizers get their ‘moisture’ from emollients. Thicker moisture should be used on drier, flakier skin. Some patients have reported that oatmeal solutions, emollient bath soaks and nighttime moisture gloves.
Patients with eczema are encouraged to avoid detergents as they irritate eczema. Detergent and soaps are not the same, but both can contain sodium lauryl sulfate. This ingredient is known to increase antigen penetration.
Dermatologists recommend the following:
• Avoid harsh detergents or drying soaps
• Choose a soap that has an oil or fat base; a "super fatted" soap is best
• Use an unscented soap
• Patch test your soap choice, by using it only on a chosen area until you are sure of its results
• Use a non-soap based cleanser
Dermatologists recommend the following for soap use:
• Bathe in warm water — not hot
• Use soap sparingly
• Avoid using washcloths, sponges, or loofahs
• Use soap only on areas where it is necessary
• Soap up only at the very end of the bath
• Use a fragrance free barrier type moisturizer such as vaseline or aquaphor before drying off
• Never use any kind of lotion, soap, or fragrance unless doctor recommended or allergen free
• Don’t rub skin, it removes the natural oils and moisture
1 - 8 of 8 <<previous | next>>
Cipro, also called Ciprofloxacin, are part of a group of medicines called Fluoroquinolones, which are used to treat bacterial infections in many different parts of the body. They work by killing bacteria or preventing their growth.
Be sure to tell your more...
Levaquin, or Levofloxacin, belongs to the class of medicines known as antibiotics. It is used to treat bacterial infections in many different parts of the body. Levaquin is also used to treat anthrax. Levaquin works by killing bacteria or preventing their more...
Levofloxacin is in a group of antibiotics called fluoroquinolones that works by fighting off bacteria in the body. It is used to treat bacterial infections that cause bronchitis, pneumonia, chlamydia, gonorrhea, skin infections, urinary tract infections, more...
Cephalexin is one of a group of Cephalosporins are used in the treatment of infections caused by bacteria. They work by killing bacteria or by preventing their growth.
Be sure to tell your doctor of any allergies you have whether it is to medication or more...
Ciprofloxacin is an antibiotic in a group of drugs called fluoroquinolones that works by fighting bacteria in the body termed as bactericidal agents. It is used to treat different types of bacterial infections such as infections in the respiratory tract, more...
Also called Mometasone, Elocon is a Topical Corticosteroid drug used as an Anti-inflammatory and a Corticosteroid. It is used to help relieve redness, swelling, itching, and the discomfort of certain skin problems. Elocon belongs to the general family of more...
Corticosteroids like Methylprednisolone are used to provide relief for inflamed areas of the body. They lessen swelling, redness, itching, and allergic reactions. They are also often used for severe allergies or skin problems, asthma, or arthritis.
Potassium-sparing diuretics like Triamterene are commonly used to help reduce the amount of water in the body. Unlike other diuretics, these medicines do not cause your body to lose potassium; they help to reduce the amount of water in the body by acting more...
1 - 8 of 8 <<previous | next>>