doctor head
 
  pharmacy and drugs  
search Search
 
       About us       News      A-Z Drugs      Stores      Top Drugs      Contact  
  doctor doctor hand
 
  doctor legs  
 
 
 
 

  Diseases

  Articles/Products

  Newsletter
Subscribe to our newsletter:
Name:
E-mail:

  Acne

Acne is a skin disorder that is the result from the combination of the action of hormones and other substances upon the hair follicles and oil glands of the skin. The skin’s oil glands of the skin are known as sebaceous glands. Acne lesions are plugged pores, commonly referred to as pimples and zits. Acne usually appears on the face, neck, shoulders, chest and back. Acne is not a serious physical health threat. It can result in severe emotional distress and permanent scarring.

Acne Skin diseases
Acne


Acne results when a bacteria called Propionibacterium Acnes (P.Acnes) grow in pilosebaceous units (PSUs). PSUs are located on the skin on most of the body. PSUs consist of the sebaceous gland connect to a follicle or canal. The canal contains a fine hair, like fine facial hair. The concentration of the body’s PSUs appears on the face, upper back and chest. Sebum is an oil produced by the sebaceous glands, that normally drains onto the surface of the skin through the pore. The cells that line the canal or follicle are called kerantiocytes.

A plug is produced by the hair sebum and keratinocytes resulting in the first sign of acne. The plug blocks the sebum or oil from reaching the skin surface via the pore. The grouping of oil and cells are unfortunately, an excellent host for the bacteria: Propionibacterium acnes – which normally live on the surface of the skin. The bacterium attracts white blood cells causing inflammation. They also produce chemicals and enzymes. Inflammation is characterized by four indicators – swelling, redness, pain and heat. When the follicle wall breaks down, the sebum, skin cells and bacterium ooze in to the skin, resulting in lesions and pimples.

There are three types of zits or pimples. All named comedo - or an engorged and blocked hair follicle. The three types of pimples are Microcomedo, Open Comedo and Closed Comedo. A Microcomedo is the initial stage of a pimple or zit – when it first appears. As the follicle or pore becomes more blocked – if forms one of the two types of pimples, either an Open Comedo or a Closed Comedo. A Closed Comedo is when the plugged follicle, consisting of sebum, bacterium and white blood cells, stay beneath the surface. A Closed Comedo produces a white bump often referred to as a whitehead. An Open Comedo is when a plugged follicle’s sebum, bacterium and white blood cells reach the surface of the skin. It is called a black head because it looks black. The discoloration is not due to dirt. It is simply the reaction of the sebum when it reaches air. Whiteheads and black heads may stay in the skin for a long time.

There are four other lesions that can be more irritating that the Comedo. They are known as Papules, pustules, nodules, and cysts.

The cause of acne is not known. It is believed by doctors that it is the result of several conditions. One noted factor is the increase of male sex hormones called androgens. These hormones increase in both boys and girls during puberty. Pregnancy and starting or stopping the birth control pill also can cause acne. Genetics also seem to be a factor in acne. Teenagers who develop acne often have parents who have suffered from acne as well. Lithium is also known to cause acne. Certain greasy cosmetics may alter cells within the follicles, causing them to stick and form a plug.

These conditions make acne worse: hormone changes in women 2 – 7 days before menstruation, oil from skin products, grease from the workplace, pressure from sports equipment, pollution, high humidity, picking at zits, harsh skin cleansers and stress. Over eighty percent of the world’s population between the age of 12 and 30 has at least one outbreak of acne.

Doctors who specialize in skin problems are called dermatologists. They treat all levels of acne and particularly harsh cases. Pediatricians and general practitioners may treat the milder cases of acne. Acne should be treated by first healing lesions. The next treatment steps should involve stopping new lesions from scarring. Stopping new lesions from occurring is the last step. Drugs used to treat acne are prescribed to reduce these combinations of factors – clumping of follicle cells, increased oil or sebum production, production of bacterium and inflammation.

1 - 10 of 11 <<previous | next>>       View All

Cipro tablets

Cipro

Cipro, also called Ciprofloxacin, are part of a group of medicines called Fluoroquinolones, which are used to treat bacterial infections in many different parts of the body. They work by killing bacteria or preventing their growth. Be sure to tell your more...

Levaquin tablets

Levaquin

Levaquin, or Levofloxacin, belongs to the class of medicines known as antibiotics. It is used to treat bacterial infections in many different parts of the body. Levaquin is also used to treat anthrax. Levaquin works by killing bacteria or preventing their more...

Doxycycline capsules

Doxycycline

Doxycycline (Atridox) is used to help treat periodontal disease (a disease of your gums), which is caused by bacteria growing beneath the gum line. Doxycycline works by preventing the growth of the bacteria Be sure to tell your doctor of any allergies more...

Levofloxacin pills

Levofloxacin

Levofloxacin is in a group of antibiotics called fluoroquinolones that works by fighting off bacteria in the body. It is used to treat bacterial infections that cause bronchitis, pneumonia, chlamydia, gonorrhea, skin infections, urinary tract infections, more...

Cephalexin tablets

Cephalexin

Cephalexin is one of a group of Cephalosporins are used in the treatment of infections caused by bacteria. They work by killing bacteria or by preventing their growth. Be sure to tell your doctor of any allergies you have whether it is to medication or more...

Accutane tablets

Accutane

Accutane, also called Isotretinoin is used to treat severe acne that cannot be cured with other medications. Your doctor may also use Accutane to treat other skin diseases.
Be sure to tell your doctor of any allergies you have more...

Isotretinoin

Isotretinoin

Isotretinoin is a form of vitamin A which works by decreasing the rate of sebum (oil) production by the sebaceous or oil glands hence, it is used to treat severe forms of acne such as nodular and cystic acne & acne conglobata that has not responded to ant more...

Retin A

Retin A

Retin A is the bran name for the generic drug tretinoin topical, which is a cream. Other brand names for this medication are Tretin-X, Retin A Micro Gel, Altinac, Avita and Renova. This is a topical cream that is a form of vitamin A more...

Ciprofloxacin tablets

Ciprofloxacin

Ciprofloxacin is an antibiotic in a group of drugs called fluoroquinolones that works by fighting bacteria in the body termed as bactericidal agents. It is used to treat different types of bacterial infections such as infections in the respiratory tract, more...

Methylprednisolone

Methylprednisolone

Corticosteroids like Methylprednisolone are used to provide relief for inflamed areas of the body. They lessen swelling, redness, itching, and allergic reactions. They are also often used for severe allergies or skin problems, asthma, or arthritis. Be more...


1 - 10 of 11 <<previous | next>>        View All


© 2006-2012 pharmacy-and-drugs.com. All rights reserved.