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  Pain relief

Research in the management of cancer pain has produced new knowledge about pain and how opioids act in the body. Traditionally, opioid analgesics have been used to manage acute pain. Long-term use of opioids has been discouraged because of the risk of tolerance or physical or psychological dependence. Studies have also shown that morphine and some other opioids can be safely administered in increasing amounts until the pain is relieved with no fear of an overdose.

Pain relief
Pain relief


Many countries have significant difficulties obtaining and distributing drugs for any type of illness. In these countries, the unavailability is often due to a combination of factors, such as inadequate funding of health services, lack of health care delivery, and inadequate facilities for the storage and distribution of medicines.

A country will obtain its supply of opioids by importing them from another country, manufacturing them itself, or both. They are then distributed by manufacturers or wholesalers to hospitals and pharmacies, and dispensed to patients by health care personnel. Diversion of narcotic drugs from the legal trade into illegal channels remains fairly rare and the quantities involved are relatively small.

Individual workers must be authorized to dispense opioids either by virtue of their professional license, or by a special license. The movement of opioids may occur only between duly authorized parties, and a medical prescription is required before opioids may be dispensed to a patient.

In some countries, fear of drug abuse has resulted in laws and regulations that make it unnecessarily difficult to obtain opioids for medical use. Just because opiate availability is restricted, that doesn’t mean that will stop the abuse of illegally procured drugs. In fact, such overly restrictive laws and regulations serve no purpose but to deprive people who really need opiates of access to the medications.

Health care workers may be reluctant to prescribe, stock, or dispense opioids if they feel that there is the possibility of their professional licenses being suspended or revoked if large quantities of opioids are given to an individual, even though the medical need for such drugs can be proved.

This serves to cause even more problems for patients with a true need for opioids to help control their pain.

Anesthesia :: Cluster headache :: Headache :: Migraine :: Muscle pain



Carisoprodol tablet

Carisoprodol

Carisoprodol, one of a group of Skeletal Muscle Relaxants, are used to relax certain muscles in your body and relieve the stiffness, pain, and discomfort caused by strains, sprains, or other injury to your muscles. Skeletal Muscle Relaxants act in the cen more...

Diazepam tablets

Diazepam

Diazepam, one of a group of drugs known as Benzodiazepines, is a Central Nervous System (CNS) depressant. Diazepam is used as an Amnestic, an Anitanxiety Agent, Anticonvulsant, an Antipanic and Antitremor Agent, a Sedative, and Muscle Relaxant. It is used more...

Fioricet tablets

Fioricet

Fioricet, a combination of Butalbital, Acetaminophen, and Caffeine, is a pain reliever and relaxant used to treat tension headaches. Butalbital belongs to the group of medicines called barbiturates that act in the Central Nervous System (CNS) to produce t more...

Hydrocodone tablets

Hydrocodone

Hydrocodone is a Narcotic Analgesic used to treat pain. Hydrocodone works in the central nervous system (CNS) to relieve pain. Be sure to tell your doctor of any allergies you have whether it is to medication or food, preservatives, or dyes. Tell your more...

Soma tablet

Soma

Soma, also known as Carisoprodol, is a skeletal muscle relaxant used to relax certain muscles in your body and relieve the problems caused by strains, sprains, or other muscular injuries. Soma works in the Central Nervous System (CNS). Be sure to tell more...

Tramadol

Tramadol

Tramadol, also called Ultram, is an analgesic used to relieve pain, including use after surgery. The effects of Tramadol are similar to those of narcotic analgesics, and though it is not considered narcotic, it may become habit forming. Be sure to tel more...

Ultram tablet

Ultram

Ultram, also called Tramadol, is an analgesic used to relieve pain, including use after surgery. The effects of Ultram are similar to those of narcotic analgesics, and though it is not considered narcotic, it may become habit forming. Be sure to tell more...

Valium tablets

Valium

Valium, may also be called Diazepam, and is one of the Benzodiazepine group of medicines. These are Central Nervous System (CNS) depressants and are used to relieve anxiety. Valium is also used to help relax muscles or relieve muscle spasm. Valium injecti more...

Lortab tablet

Lortab

Combination medicines like Lortab contain narcotic analgesics (Hydrocodone) and Acetaminophen, and are used to relieve pain. This combination may provide better pain relief than either medicine used alone. In some cases, relief of pai more...

Oxycontin tablets

Oxycontin

Oxycontin, also called Oxycodone is a Narcotic Analgesic used to treat pain. Oxycontin works in the central nervous system (CNS) to relieve pain. Be sure to tell your doctor of any allergies you have whether it is to medication or food, preservatives, more...

Vicoprofen tablet

Vicoprofen

Vicoprofen, also called Hydrocodone and Ibuprofen is a combination is used to relieve pain. Hydrocodone is a narcotic analgesic that works in the central nervous system to relieve pain. Ibuprofen is a Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory Drug (NSAID), and is u more...

Celebrex tablets

Celebrex

Celebrex, also called Celecoxib is used to relieve some symptoms of arthritis, such as inflammation, swelling, stiffness, and joint pain. Be sure to tell your doctor of any allergies you have whether it is to medication or food, preservatives, or dyes. more...

Lodine tablets

Lodine

Lodine (also known as Etodolac) is one of many Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (also called NSAIDs). It is used as an analgesic, to help prevent gout, as an anti-inflammatory to help with the symptoms of arthritis, and as a remedy for certain types o more...

Roxicet

Roxicet is a combination medicine containing Oxycodone and Acetaminophen, and is used to relieve pain. A narcotic analgesic and acetaminophen used together may provide better pain relief than either single medicine, and will usually allow the use of lower more...

Naproxen tablets

Naproxen

Naproxen, also called Aleve, is a Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory Drug (NSAID), and is used to relieve some symptoms caused by arthritis. It is also used treat other conditions, such as: gout attacks; bursitis; tendonitis; sprains, strains, or other injur more...

Ultracet

Ultracet

Ultracet is one of a group of combination medicines that contain the narcotic analgesics Tramadol and Acetaminophen, and are used to relieve pain. Ultracet may provide better pain relief than either medicine used alone would be able to, and may possibly a more...

Vicodin tablet

Vicodin

Combination medicines like Vicodin contain narcotic analgesics (Hydrocodone) and Acetaminophen, and are used to relieve pain. This combination may provide better pain relief than either medicine used alone. In some cases, relief of pain may come at lower more...

Methadone tablets

Methadone

Methadone is a Narcotic Analgesic used to treat pain and to ease some symptoms of drug withdrawal. Methadone works in the central nervous system (CNS) to relieve pain. Be sure to tell your doctor of any allergies you have whether it is to medication or more...

Clonidine tablets

Clonidine HCL

Clonidine injection is used with injected pain medicine to treat pain in cancer patients. Be sure to tell your doctor of any allergies you have whether it is to medication or food, preservatives, or dyes. Tell your doctor immediately if you are, or bec more...

Ibuprofen tablets

Ibuprofen

Ibuprofen is a Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory Drug (NSAID), and is used to relieve some symptoms caused by arthritis. It is also used treat other conditions, such as: gout attacks; bursitis; tendonitis; sprains, strains, or other injuries; or menstrual c more...

Oxycodone tablets

Oxycodone

Oxycodone, sometimes called Oxycontin is a Narcotic Analgesic used to treat pain. Oxycontin works in the central nervous system (CNS) to relieve pain. Be sure to tell your doctor of any allergies you have whether it is to medication or food, preservati more...

Percocet tablets

Percocet

Combination medicines like Percocet contain narcotic analgesics (Oxycodone) and Acetaminophen, and are used to relieve pain. This combination may provide better pain relief than either medicine used alone. In some cases, relief of pain may come at lower d more...

Phenytoin

Phenytoin

Phenytoin is an anti-epileptic. It works by slowing down impulses in the brain that cause seizures. Phenytoin is used to control seizures. You may not be able to take phenytoin, or you may require a lower dose or special monitoring during treatment i more...

Atenolol tablets

Atenolol

Atenolol, or Tenormin, is one of a group of medicines is known as beta-adrenergic blocking agents, beta-blocking agents, or beta-blockers. Atenolol is used in the treatment of high blood pressure, used to relieve angina, and in heart attack patients to he more...

Morphine bottles

Morphine

Morphine is a Narcotic Analgesic used to treat pain. Morphine works in the central nervous system (CNS) to relieve pain. Be sure to tell your doctor of any allergies you have whether it is to medication or food, preservatives, or dyes. Tell your doctor more...

Tenormin pills

Tenormin

Tenormin is in a group of drugs called beta-blockers. Beta-blockers affect the heart and circulation (blood flow through arteries and veins). It is used to treat angina (chest pain) and hypertension (high blood pressure). It is also used to treat or pr more...

Acetaminophen and butalbital pills

Acetaminophen and butalbital

Acetaminophen is an analgesic (pain reliever) and an antipyretic (fever reducer). Butalbital is in a class of drugs called barbiturates that depresses your central nervous system (brain and spinal cord) causing relaxation. The combination, acetaminophen a more...

Aleve tablet

Aleve

Aleve, also called Naproxen, is a Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory Drug (NSAID), and is used to relieve some symptoms caused by arthritis. It is also used treat other conditions, such as: gout attacks; bursitis; tendonitis; sprains, strains, or other injur more...

Amyl nitrite bottle

Amyl nitrite

Amyl nitrite is an antianginal, an antidote to cyanide poisoning, and is used as a cardiac diagnostic aid. It is inhaled, and is usually used to relieve the pain of angina attacks. It works by relaxing blood vessels and increasing the supply of blood and more...

Bextra tablets

Bextra

Bextra, sometimes called Valdecoxib, is in a class of drugs called nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), and works by reducing substances in the body that cause inflammation, pain, and fever. more...

Celecoxib capsules

Celecoxib

Celecoxib is used to reduce pain, inflammation, and stiffness caused by osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and ankylosing spondylitis. Celecoxib is also used to reduce the number of adenomatous colorectal polyps in familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP), to treat acute pain, and to treat pain associated with menstruation. more...

Cyclobenzaprine tablets

Cyclobenzaprine

Flexeril, also called Cyclobenzaprine, is used to help relax certain muscles in your body. It helps relieve the pain, stiffness, and discomfort caused by strains, sprains, or injuries to your muscles. Flexeril acts on the central nervous system (CNS) for more...

Depakote tablets

Depakote

Depakote, also called Divalproex, belongs to a class of medicines called Anticonvulsants that are used in the treatment of epilepsy. Depakote is also an Antimanic, and is used to treat the manic phase of bipolar disorder, and as a deterrent to migraine he more...

Diclofenac pills

Diclofenac

Diclofenac is in a class of drugs called nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). This drug works by reducing hormones that cause inflammation and pain in the body otherwise known as an anti-inflammatory and analgesic. Diclofenac is used to reduce more...

Dilantin capsules

Dilantin

Hydantoin anticonvulsants like Dilantin (Phenytoin) are used most often in the treatment of Epilepsy. Dilantin is also used as an Antiarrhythmic, an Antineuralgic, and a Muscle Relaxant. Dilantin works in the Central Nervous System (CNS) to reduce the sym more...

Divalproex sodium

Divalproex sodium

Divalproex sodium affects chemicals in the body that may be involved in causing seizures. It is used to treat various types of seizure disorders. Divalproex sodium is sometimes used together with other seizure medications. Divalproex sodium may also be more...

Etodolac

Etodolac

Etodolac is in a class of drugs called nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). It works by reducing hormones that cause inflammation and pain in the body also known as prostaglandin inhibiting agents. Etodolac is used to reduce pain, inflammati more...

Flexeril tablets

Flexeril

Flexeril, also called Cyclobenzaprine, is used to help relax certain muscles in your body. It helps relieve the pain, stiffness, and discomfort caused by strains, sprains, or injuries to your muscles. Flexeril acts on the central nervous system (CNS) for more...

Imitrex tablets

Imitrex

Imitrex, or Sumatriptan, is used to treat severe migraine headaches. Many people find that their headaches go away completely, while others find that their headaches are much less painful, and that they are able to go back to normal activities. Imitrex o more...

Levbid

Levbid

Gastrointestinal conditions are quite serious. They can inhibit a patient from comfort, restrict lifestyle, and if they go untreated they can lead to painful and costly medical procedures and emergency. Irritable Bowel Syndrome is one of the most common a more...

Metoprolol tablets

Metoprolol

Metoprolol Tartrate is one of a group of medicines is known as beta-adrenergic blocking agents, beta-blocking agents, or, more commonly, beta-blockers. Beta-blockers are used in the treatment of high blood pressure, and some are also used to relieve angin more...

Mobic tablet

Mobic

Mobic is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) used to relieve some symptoms of arthritis and rheumatoid arthritis, like inflammation, swelling, stiffness, and joint pain. Be sure to tell your doctor of any allergies you have whether it is to more...

Nabumetone pills

Nabumetone

Nabumetone is in a group of drugs called nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). It works by reducing hormones that cause swelling and pain in the body. It can also relieve pain and reduces fever. It also used to treat symptoms of osteoarthritis more...

Naprosyn

Naprosyn

In 1976, Naprosyn was introduced as a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug, commonly referred to as NSAIDs. It hit the market as a prescription only drug, and in most cases it still is. Low dose Naprosyn is available in Australia, and low dose form more...

Propoxyphene tablets

Propoxyphene

Propoxyphene is a Narcotic Analgesic used to treat pain. Propoxyphene works in the central nervous system (CNS) to relieve pain. Be sure to tell your doctor of any allergies you have whether it is to medication or food, preservati more...

Relafen tablets

Relafen

Relafen, also called Nabumetone, is one of many Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs) that is used to relieve symptoms caused by arthritis. Relafen may also be used in the treatment of other conditions, like gout attacks; bursitis; tendonitis; spr more...

Rofecoxib

Rofecoxib

Rofecoxib is in a class of drugs called nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). It is actually a new generation NSAID that belong to cyclooxygenase 2 inhibitors. It works by reducing substances that cause inflammation, pain, and fever in the body. more...

Sumatriptan pill

Sumatriptan

Sumatriptan is a headache medicine and works by narrowing the blood vessels around the brain. It also reduces substances in the body that can trigger headache pain, nausea, sensitivity to light and sound, and other migraine symptoms. Sumatriptan injecti more...

Temazepam capsules

Temazepam

Temazepam, one of a group of drugs known as Benzodiazepines, is a Central Nervous System (CNS) depressant. Temazepam is used as an Amnestic, an Anitanxiety Agent, Anticonvulsant, an Antipanic and Antitremor Agent, a Sedative, and Muscle Relaxant. It is us more...

Tofranil pills

Tofranil

Tofranil is a member of the tricyclic family of psychotropic medications designed to treat serious disorders that cause harm to the patient. Behaviors such as cutting, self burning, self mutilation, and hair pulling are all disorders that can benefit from more...

Topamax tablet

Topamax

Topamax, or Topiramate, is used to control some seizures in the treatment of epilepsy. It is also used to help prevent migraine headaches in adults. Be sure to tell your doctor of any allergies you have whether it is to medication or food, preservative more...

Topiramate

Topiramate

Topiramate believed that alters the chemical impulses in the brain that cause seizures. The exact works of topiramate is unknown. This helps to control seizures and it also used to prevent migraine headaches. Before taking the topiramate you should tel more...

Toprol tablets

Toprol

Toprol is one of a group of medicines known as beta-adrenergic blocking agents, beta-blocking agents, or, most frequently, beta-blockers. Beta-blockers are used in the treatment of high blood pressure, and some are used to relieve chest pain and in heart more...

Valdecoxib pill

Valdecoxib

Valdecoxib is in a class of drugs called “COX-2” selective nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). COX-2 means cyclooxygenase 2 and NSAIDs works by reducing substances in the body that cause inflammation, pain, and fever. This medici more...

Verapamil capsules

Verapamil

Verapamil is a Calcium Channel Blocking Agent that words by affecting the movement of calcium into the cells of the heart and blood vessels. This relaxes blood vessels and increases the supply of blood and oxygen to the heart while reducing its workload. more...

Vioxx tablets

Vioxx

The manufacturer of Vioxx (also called Rofecoxib) has announced a voluntary withdrawal of the drug from the U.S. and worldwide market. This withdrawal is due to safety concerns of an increased risk of cardiovascular problems in patient more...

Voltaren tablets

Voltaren

Also called Diclofenac, Voltaren is a Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory Drug (NSAIDs) and are used to relieve some symptoms of arthritis, such as inflammation, swelling, stiffness, and joint pain. They can also be used to treat gout attacks; bursitis; tendon more...

Zolmitriptan

Zolmitriptan

Zolmitriptan is used to treat migraine with or without aura. It is a headache medicine. It is believed to work by narrowing the blood vessels around the brain. It can also reduce substances in the body that can trigger headache pain, nausea, sensitivit more...

Zomig

Zomig

Zomig, or Zolmitriptan, is used to treat severe migraine headaches. Many people find that their headaches go away completely, while others find that their headaches are much less painful, and that they are able to go back to normal activities. Zomig often more...




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