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  Osteoporosis

Osteoporosis is a medical condition meaning your bones are weak. You are likely to break a bone because bone mineral density is reduced, bone microarchitecture is disrupted, and the amount of non-collagenous proteins in bone is altered. Though treatment modalities are available for fracture, prevention is still the most important way to reduce its occurrence.

Osteoporosis Joint pain
Osteoporosis


Osteoporosis can affect any of your bones, though it is common in the hip, wrist, and spine, particularly your vertebrae. Vertebrae are the bones that support your body as you stand and sit upright. Osteoporotic fractures occur under slight amount of stress. Fractures in these bones can cause serious problems. Acute onset of back pain, bent stature, loss of height, limited mobility and possibly disability are caused by collapsed vertebrae. Climbing stairs, lifting objects, or bending forward can cause such fractures.

The following can increase your chance of developing osteoporosis: being female, family history of osteoporosis, being postmenopausal or of an advanced age, Caucasian or Asian race, abnormal absence of menstrual periods, having an eating disorder, low testosterone level in men, inactive lifestyle, a diet low in dairy products, long-term use of glucocorticoids and antiseizure medications, cigarette smoking and drinking too much alcohol.

Men can also get osteoporosis. But women are still more likely to get osteoporosis because of the loss of estrogen during menopause.

There are several tests you can get to know your bone strength. Dual energy x-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) takes x-rays of your bones.

Weak bones can be prevented by simply building strong ones. It is never too late to start no matter how old you are. During childhood and adolescence, you can start building strong bones. Achieving a higher bone mass through exercise and proper nutrition is important to prevent osteoporosis. This is the best defense. Physical activity can remodel bones. If you will be physically active throughout your life, you will have a lower risk of osteoporosis. However, excessive exercise is not also good. It can lead to damages and exhaustion to bones. At age 30, bone loss will start. From age 30 and onwards especially after menopause, your bones don’t make enough new bone. Here are just some steps on how to prevent your bones from getting weak: Get enough calcium each day. Get enough calcium in your diet by taking calcium-rich foods such as yogurt, cheese, milk, orange juice with added calcium, and broccoli. In addition to calcium, get enough Vitamin D as well. Vitamin D helps your body to take calcium. Sunlight and foods like milk can give you vitamin D. You need about 10 to 15 minutes of sunlight for 2 to 3 times a day to get enough vitamin D. You can also have vitamin D by eating foods such as salmon and eggs. Vitamin C, vitamin B6, vitamin K, folic acid, magnesium, copper, manganese, silicon, strontium, protein, and zinc also build strong bones. Eat a healthy diet. Eat lean meat, fish, green leafy vegetables, and oranges. Being active also helps. It can slow bone loss, improve muscle strength and help your balance. You can walk, dance, run, climb stairs, jog, hike, and play. Do not smoke. Smoking reduces estrogen in your body. Estrogen can help slow bone loss. Alcohol can make the calcium you take in harder to use. Drink moderately.

Drug therapy is another option. The following drugs are approved for the treatment and prevention of osteoporosis: alendronate, risedronate, calcitonin, raloxifene, parathyroid hormone, and estrogen therapy.

Osteoporiosis on its own is not a significant disease. Although patients have increased morality due to fracture complications, most patients die with osteoporosis rather than of it.

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Premarin tablets

Premarin

Premarin contains Conjugated Estrogens, or female hormones. Premarin helps relieve signs of menopause, such as hot flashes and unusual sweating, chills, faintness, or dizziness; to help prevent osteoporosis in women past menopause; in the treatment of som more...

Celebrex tablets

Celebrex

Celebrex, also called Celecoxib is used to relieve some symptoms of arthritis, such as inflammation, swelling, stiffness, and joint pain. Be sure to tell your doctor of any allergies you have whether it is to medication or food, preservatives, or dyes. more...

Cephalexin tablets

Cephalexin

Cephalexin is one of a group of Cephalosporins are used in the treatment of infections caused by bacteria. They work by killing bacteria or by preventing their growth. Be sure to tell your doctor of any allergies you have whether it is to medication or more...

Fosamax tablets

Fosamax

Fosamax, also called Alendronate, is used to prevent or treat osteoporosis in men and in women who have already undergone menopause. It may also be used to treat Paget's disease of bone and osteoporosis caused by Glucocorticoid treatments. Be sure to t more...

Climara patches

Climara

Climara, also called Estradiol, is female hormones that are produced by the body and necessary for normal sexual development. It is prescribed for several reasons: to provide additional hormone when the body does not produce enough of its own; a genital more...

Evista tablet

Evista

Evista, also known as Raloxifene, is an Estrogen Receptor Modulator, and Osteoporosis Prophylactic, and is used to help prevent and treat thinning of the bones. Evista is used only in postmenopausal women, and works like an estrogen to stop bone loss that more...

Miacalcin

Miacalcin

Miacalcin is used to treat women with postmenopausal osteoporosis, and is used together with calcium and vitamin D. Be sure to tell your doctor of any allergies you have whether it is to medication or food, preservatives, or dyes. Tell your doctor imme more...

Prempro tablets

Prempro

Prempro, a combination of Conjugated Estrogens and Medroxyprogesterone, are estrogen and progestin hormones. Progestin lowers the effect of estrogen on the uterus and keeps problems from developing. Estrogens are given to: relieve the signs of menopause, more...

Celecoxib capsules

Celecoxib

Celecoxib is used to reduce pain, inflammation, and stiffness caused by osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and ankylosing spondylitis. Celecoxib is also used to reduce the number of adenomatous colorectal polyps in familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP), to treat acute pain, and to treat pain associated with menstruation. more...

Alendronate

Alendronate

Alendronate is in the group of medicines called bisphosphonates. It alters the cycle of bone formation and breakdown in the body. Alendronate slows down bone resorption while increasing bone mass or density, which may prevent pathologic bone fractures. It more...


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