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  Heart diseases

Atherosclerotic heart disease can be thought of as a wide spectrum of disease of the heart. At one end of the spectrum is the individual with no symptoms and streaks within the walls of the coronary arteries. These streaks represent the early stage of atherosclerotic heart disease and do not obstruct the flow of blood. A coronary angiogram performed during this stage of disease may not even show any evidence of coronary artery disease.


Over many years, these streaks increase in thickness, and will eventually affect the flow of blood through the arteries. As the coronary artery disease progresses, there may be severe restriction of the flow of oxygen-carrying blood. Individuals with this degree of coronary heart disease typically have suffered from one or more heart attacks, and may have signs and symptoms, including symptoms of angina at rest and flash pulmonary edema.

Limitation of blood flow to the heart causes cell starvation because of a lack of oxygen of the myocardial cells. When they die from lack of oxygen, this is called a myocardial infarction (more commonly called a heart attack). It leads to heart muscle damage, heart muscle death, and scarring without heart muscle regrowth.

CHD is associated with smoking, obesity, hypertension and a chronic sub-clinical lack of vitamin C, and a family history of CHD is one of the strongest predictors of CHD. Screening for CHD includes evaluating homocysteine levels, high-density and low-density cholesterol levels and triglyceride levels.

Coronary heart disease is the most common form of heart disease in the Western hemisphere. Prevention includes decreasing cholesterol levels, controlling obesity and high blood pressure, avoiding a sedentary lifestyle, making healthy dietary choices, and stopping smoking.

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Atorvastatin belong to a class of drug known as HMG CoA reductase inhibitor. This drug works by blocking the production of cholesterol (a type of fat) in the body. Indications: to reduce the amounts of low density lipoprotein or LDL (bad) cholesterol, more...

Lipitor tablets


Lipitor, also known as Atorvastatin, is used to lower levels of cholesterol and other fats in the blood. Lipitor belongs to the group of medicines called 3-Hydroxy-3-Methylglutaryl Coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) Reductase Inhibitors. They work by blocking an enzyme more...



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Amlodipine pills


Amlodipine is in a class of drugs called calcium channel blockers. This drug works by relaxing and widening the lumen of the blood vessels, both the veins and arteries, making it easier for the heart to pump and reducing its workload. more...

Lotrel capsules


Lotrel, or an Amlodipine and Benazepril combination, belongs to the class of medicines called high blood pressure medicines. It is used to treat high blood pressure. The exact way in which this medicine works is not known. Amlodipine is a type of medic more...

Norvasc tablets


Norvasc, or Amlodipine, is a calcium channel blocker used to treat angina and high blood pressure. Norvasc affects the movement of calcium in the heart and blood vessels. As a result, Norvasc relaxes blood vessels and increases the supply of blood and oxy more...

Perindopril tablets


Perindopril is in a class of drugs called angiotensin-converting-enzyme inhibitors (ACE inhibitors). Indications : essential hypertension (to lower high blood pressure), congestive heart failure or CHF ( to decrease the heart’s workload), prevention of st more...

Veetids tablets


Veetids, or Penicillin V, is used to treat infections caused by bacteria. It works by killing bacteria or by preventing its growth. Be sure to tell your doctor of any allergies you have whether it is to medication or food, preservatives, or dyes. Also more...

Atenolol tablets


Atenolol, or Tenormin, is one of a group of medicines is known as beta-adrenergic blocking agents, beta-blocking agents, or beta-blockers. Atenolol is used in the treatment of high blood pressure, used to relieve angina, and in heart attack patients to he more...

Plavix tablet


Plavix, also known as Clopidogrel, is used to lessen the chance of heart attack or stroke. It is for people who have already had a heart attack or stroke or with other blood circulation problems that could lead to a stroke or heart at more...

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