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  Gastro problems

A peptic ulcer is a sore on the lining of the stomach, which is the beginning of the small intestine. Peptic ulcers are common; as many as 1 in 10 Americans develops an ulcer sometime in his or her life. One cause of peptic ulcer is bacterial infection, but some ulcers are caused by long-term use of NSAIDs, like aspirin and ibuprofen. In a very few cases, cancerous tumors in the stomach or pancreas can cause ulcers. Unlike a common misconception, peptic ulcers are not caused by stress or eating spicy food, but these can make ulcers worse.

Gastro problems
Gastro problems

Abdominal discomfort is the most common symptom of an ulcer. This pain is usually a dull, gnawing ache; comes and goes for several days or weeks; occurs 2 to 3 hours after a meal; occurs in the middle of the night (when the stomach is empty); is relieved by eating; or is relieved by antacid medications. Some other symptoms include; weight loss; poor appetite; bloating; burping; nausea; and vomiting.

Call your doctor immediately if you experience sharp, sudden, persistent stomach pain; bloody or black stools; or bloody vomit or vomit that looks like coffee grounds; They could be signs of a serious problem, like perforation, a break in a blood vessel, or an obstruction.

Treatment usually involves a combination of antibiotics, acid suppressors, and stomach protectors.

Reflux Esophagitis

Reflux Esophagitis is an inflammation of the esophagus caused by a failure of the valve between the esophagus and the stomach that prevents the back flow of gastric juices. Inflammation occurs when the exposure to stomach contents is prolonged and the stomach juices refluxed have a high acid and pepsin content.

Heartburn is the characteristic symptom. Other symptoms are a feeling of food coming back into the mouth, a feeling of delay in food going down and discomfort associated with swallowing. Treatment should consider lifestyle factors, the consideration of drug treatment, and perhaps even surgery.

Anal Fissure

An anal fissure is a small tear or cut in the skin lining the anus, which causes pain, and/or bleeding. The typical symptoms of an anal fissure are extreme pain during defecation and red blood streaking the stool.

A hard, dry bowel movement can cause a tear in the anal lining, resulting in a fissure. Other causes of a fissure include diarrhea and inflammation of the area. An acute fissure is managed with treatments and over 90% will heal without surgery. Bowel habits are improved with a high fiber diet, fiber supplements, stool softeners, and plenty of fluids to avoid constipation and promote soft stools. Warm baths for 10-20 minutes several times each day are soothing and promote relaxation of the anal muscles. Occasionally, special medicated creams may be recommended. A fissure lasting longer than one month may require additional treatment.

Bowel Cancer

Bowel cancer is cancer of the colon or rectum, and it arises from the cells that line the large bowel. About 6 per cent of the population in Western countries develops bowel cancer at some time during their lives, making this the second most common cause of cancer-related death.

About 90 per cent of the risk for bowel cancer is thought to be due to dietary factors, with the other 10 per cent due to genetic factors. The best available approaches for a low risk of developing bowel cancer are: a diet high in green vegetables, particularly cabbage, broccoli, brussel sprouts, or cauliflower; a diet low in red meat. In particular, avoid burnt meat, which contains cancer-promoting chemicals called cyclic amines; and keeping a normal body weight and exercising regularly.

The earliest symptom is often rectal bleeding. Later changes include loss of the normal form of bowel motions sometimes followed by diarrhea. Constipation can also occur. If the bowel becomes completely obstructed, severe abdominal pain and vomiting occurs, followed by complete constipation. This obstruction is a surgical emergency requiring immediate admission to hospital.

Diarrhea Or Changes In Bowel Habits

Diarrhea that has only been present for a few days is most commonly due to infection. Diarrhea that carries on for longer than three weeks is rarely due to infection and requires urgent investigation. Some causes include: colitis, an inflammation of the colon; diverticulitis; lactose intolerance; or irritable bowel syndrome (IBS).


Iron deficiency anemia indicates that someone has been losing small amounts of blood over a long time. Causes include heavy periods, gluten intolerance, esophagitis, Crohn's disease, and cancer of the stomach. Iron deficiency because of lack of iron in the diet is an uncommon cause, except in adolescents with a poor diet.

Abdominal Pain

Bowel cancer may cause lower abdominal pain. Similar pain occurs in irritable bowel syndrome, but is often associated with diarrhea that alternates with formed or even constipated stools, whereas bowel disturbance in bowel cancer is usually more persistent.

Irritable bowel syndrome may be triggered by stress or by an episode of infectious gastroenteritis. It most commonly presents in adolescents or young adults.

Crohn's disease, a form of inflammatory bowel disease, can also present with pains and with or without diarrhea. Diagnosis is usually based on barium radiology or colonoscopy when it can be readily distinguished from cancer.

Pain at the very lowest part of the abdomen can indicate a bladder problem such as cystitis, and pain low down to the right or left in a woman can indicate disease of the ovaries.

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Lansoprazole pills


Lansoprazole belong to a class of drug known as proton pump inhibitor (PPI). It works by decreasing the amount of acid produced in the stomach. Lansoprazole is used to treat and prevent stomach and intestinal ulcers, erosive esophagitis (damage to the e more...

Prevacid tablets


Prevacid, or Lansoprazole, is used to treat conditions in which there is too much acid in the stomach, like duodenal and gastric ulcers and gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), a condition in which the acid in the stomach washes back up into the esopha more...



Omeprazole belong to a class of drug known as proton pump inhibitors (PPI). It works by decreasing the amount of acid produced in the stomach. It is indicated for treatment of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and other conditions caused by excess more...

Prilosec tablets


Prilosec, or Omeprazole, is used to treat conditions in which there is too much acid in the stomach, like duodenal and gastric ulcers and gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), a condition in which the acid in the stomach washes back up into the esophagu more...

Protonix tablet


Protonix, or Pantoprazole, is used to treat certain conditions in which there is too much acid in the stomach. It is used to treat duodenal and gastric ulcers and gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), a condition in which the acid in the stomach washes more...

Pantoprazole pill


Pantoprazole is used to treat damage to the esophagus associated with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and other conditions involving excessive stomach acid production (e.g. Zollinger-Ellison Syndrome). The most important information about panto more...

Aciphex tablets


Aciphex, also known as Rabeprazole is a Gastric Acid Pump Inhibitor and Antiulcer Agent and is used to treat too much acid in the stomach. This can be caused by duodenal ulcers, or Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD). Rabeprazole c more...



Gastrointestinal conditions are quite serious. They can inhibit a patient from comfort, restrict lifestyle, and if they go untreated they can lead to painful and costly medical procedures and emergency. Irritable Bowel Syndrome is one of the most common a more...

Rabeprazole pill


Rabeprazole decreases the amount of acid produced in your stomach. It belongs to the class of drugs known as proton pump inhibitors (PPI) which works antagonistically on the pump that is involved in final step of hydrochloric acid (HCl) secretion in the more...

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