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  Stomach ulcer

A stomach ulcer is an open sore or lesion that is in the stomach. The stomach is a digestive organ located on the left side of the body just below the ribs. Gastric juices are a powerful combination of enzymes and Hydrochloric Acid (HCL). The lining of the stomach is a wrinkled ‘skin’ known as the mucosa or gastric epithelium. Stomach ulcers occur in these layered multiple folds. An ulcer is also known as a break in the tissue.

Stomach ulcer Digestive system
Stomach ulcer


Symptoms of Stomach Ulcers

Some individuals may have stomach ulcers and have no known symptoms. Some symptoms of a stomach ulcer are:


• Indigestion
• Nausea
• Abdominal pain just below the ribcage
• Loss of appetite
• Vomiting
• Weight loss
• Altered blood (dark brown) present in the vomit (looks like coffee grounds) or in the bowel motions (occasionally, looks like coal)
• Symptoms of anaemia, such as light-headedness.

What causes Stomach Ulcers?
Stomach ulcers have three common causes. A bacteria, Helicobacter pylori, is believed to be responsible for over 60 percent of stomach ulcers. Medications may cause ulcers, such as aspirin. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medications, such as ibuprofen are also thought to cause forty percent of ulcers. Stomach cancer may be present in older individuals as a stomach ulcer. A variety of causes A stomach ulcer can be caused by a variety of factors, including:

How is a Stomach Ulcer Diagnosed?
Stomach ulcers may be diagnosed via endoscopy, barium upper GI, biopsy and a C14 breath test. An endoscopy is a procedure in which a flexible thin tube with a microscope is swallowed by a patient. This allows the physician to directly examine the lining of the esophagus and the point where it meets the stomach. Endoscopy also allows the physician to take biopsies of the affected area. A Barium upper GI is less commonly performed. It is a series of x-rays which are taken as the patient drinks barium liquid. The C14 breath test checks for the presence of H. pylori. The bacteria convert urea into carbon dioxide. The test involves swallowing an amount of radioactive carbon (C14) and testing the air exhaled from the lungs. A non-radioactive test can be used for children and pregnant women.

How are Stomach Ulcers treated?
The treatment of antibodies and acid reduction/prevention medication are performed when the ulcer is caused by the bacterium H. pylori. Different drugs are used in combination to address some side effect that may occur during treatment. The side effects are diarrhea and rashes. Unfortunately resistance to some of the antibiotics is becoming more common. Follow-up C14 tests should be used to determine the success of treatment.

If the stomach ulcer is caused by existing medications - the doses of arthritis medications, aspirin or other anti-inflammatory drugs can be altered slightly to reduce their contributing effects on the stomach ulcer. Another medication may be used to reduce the acid content and production of the stomach. Lifestyle changes are always recommended, such as quitting smoking.

The type of doctor who treats stomach ulcers is a Gastroenterologist.

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Nexium capsules

Nexium

Nexium, called Esomeprazole, is used to treat duodenal ulcers and gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), which is a condition in which the acid in the stomach washes back up into the esophagus. It also reduces the chance of gastric ulcers in patients who more...

Esomeprazole pill

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Esomeprazole belong to a class of drug known as proton pump inhibitor that works by decreasing the amount of hydrochloric acid produced by the parietal cells in the stomach. Indications: treatment of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and erosive more...

Prevacid tablets

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Lansoprazole pills

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Lansoprazole belong to a class of drug known as proton pump inhibitor (PPI). It works by decreasing the amount of acid produced in the stomach. Lansoprazole is used to treat and prevent stomach and intestinal ulcers, erosive esophagitis (damage to the e more...

Prilosec tablets

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Omeprazole belong to a class of drug known as proton pump inhibitors (PPI). It works by decreasing the amount of acid produced in the stomach. It is indicated for treatment of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and other conditions caused by excess more...

Protonix tablet

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Pantoprazole pill

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Pantoprazole is used to treat damage to the esophagus associated with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and other conditions involving excessive stomach acid production (e.g. Zollinger-Ellison Syndrome). The most important information about panto more...

Aciphex tablets

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Aciphex, also known as Rabeprazole is a Gastric Acid Pump Inhibitor and Antiulcer Agent and is used to treat too much acid in the stomach. This can be caused by duodenal ulcers, or Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD). Rabeprazole c more...

Rabeprazole pill

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Rabeprazole decreases the amount of acid produced in your stomach. It belongs to the class of drugs known as proton pump inhibitors (PPI) which works antagonistically on the pump that is involved in final step of hydrochloric acid (HCl) secretion in the more...


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