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  Birth control

There really is no best method of birth control. Each method has its pros and cons, and some methods work better than others at preventing pregnancy. To decide the birth control method you choose, take into account your overall health; how often you have sex; the number of sexual partners you have; if you want to have children; how well each method works; any potential side effects; and your comfort level with using the method.

Birth control Contraception
Birth control


The more you know about the correct way to use birth control, the more control you will have when it comes to deciding if and when you want to become pregnant.

Here’s a list of birth control methods and estimates of their effectiveness.

Abstinence – This means not having sexual intercourse at any time. It is the only sure way to prevent pregnancy, and is 100% effective at preventing pregnancy and STDs.

Periodic Abstinence or Fertility Awareness Methods – If you have regular menstrual cycles, you can chart the times you should and should not have sex. Fertile days are approximately 5 days before ovulation, the day of ovulation, and one or more days after ovulation. Fertility awareness means that you can either be abstinent or have sex but use a barrier method of birth control during these fertile days. These methods are 75 to 99% effective at preventing pregnancy.

The Male Condom – Condoms are one of a group of birth control called barrier methods because they put up a barrier, which keeps the sperm from reaching the egg. Male condoms are 84 to 98% effective at preventing pregnancy.

Oral Contraceptives – Also called “the pill,” they contain the hormones estrogen and progestin and are available in different hormone dosages. A daily pill blocks the release of eggs from the ovaries. The pill is 95 to 99.9% effective at preventing pregnancy.

The Mini-Pill – Unlike the pill, the mini-pill only has one hormone, progestin. Taken daily, the mini-pill thickens cervical mucus to prevent sperm from reaching the egg. Mini-pills are 92 to 99.9% effective at preventing pregnancy.

Copper T IUD (Intrauterine Device) – An IUD is a small device that is shaped in the form of a “T.” It is placed in the uterus and contains copper that prevents sperm from entering the fallopian tubes, or keeping the fertilized egg from implanting in the uterus. The IUD is 99% effective.

Progestasert IUD (Intrauterine Device) –This IUD is a small plastic T- shaped device that is placed inside the uterus that contains progesterone. Progesterone causes the cervical mucus to thicken so sperm cannot reach the egg, and it changes the lining of the uterus so that a fertilized egg cannot implant. This IUD is 98% effective.

Intrauterine System or IUS (Mirena) – The IUS is a small T-shaped device like the IUD and is placed inside the uterus. Each day, it releases a small amount of a hormone called levonorgestrel that causes the cervical mucus to thicken so sperm cannot reach the egg. The IUS is 99% effective.

The Female Condom – Worn by the woman, this barrier method keeps sperm from getting into the fallopian tubes. It is 79 to 95% effective.

Depo-Provera –Women get injections, or shots, of the hormone progestin in the buttocks or arm every 3 months. It is 97% effective at preventing pregnancy.

Diaphragm, Cervical Cap or Shield – These are barrier methods of birth control, where the sperm are blocked from entering the cervix and reaching the egg. The diaphragm is shaped like a shallow latex cup. The cervical cap is a thimble-shaped latex cup. The cervical shield is a silicone cup that has a one-way valve that creates suction and helps it fit against the cervix. The diaphragm is 84 to 94% effective at preventing pregnancy. The cervical cap is 84 to 91% effective at preventing pregnancy for women who have not had a child and 68 to 74% for women who have had a child. The cervical shield is 85% effective at preventing pregnancy.

Contraceptive Sponge - This is a soft, disk shaped device, with a loop for removal. It is made out of polyurethane foam and contains the spermicide nonoxynol-9. The sponge is 84 to 91% effective at preventing pregnancy in women who have not had a child and 68 to 80% for women who have had a child.

The Patch –This is a skin patch worn on the lower abdomen, buttocks, or upper body that releases the hormones progestin and estrogen into the bloodstream. The patch is 98 to 99% effective at preventing pregnancy, as long as the wearer is not more than 198 pounds in weight.

The Hormonal Vaginal Contraceptive Ring – This is a ring that releases the hormones progestin and estrogen. You squeeze the ring between your thumb and index finger and insert it into your vagina. The ring is 98 to 99%.

Surgical Sterilization – These surgical methods are meant for people who want a permanent method of birth control. They are 99.9% effective.

Nonsurgical Sterilization – This is the first non-surgical method of sterilizing women. A thin tube is used to thread a tiny spring-like device through the vagina and uterus into each fallopian tube. Flexible coils temporarily anchor it inside the fallopian tube. A Dacron-like mesh material embedded in the coils irritates the fallopian tubes’ lining to cause scar tissue to grow and eventually permanently plug the tubes. Essure has been shown to be 99.8 % effective in preventing pregnancy.

Abortion :: Contraception



Lortab tablet

Lortab

Combination medicines like Lortab contain narcotic analgesics (Hydrocodone) and Acetaminophen, and are used to relieve pain. This combination may provide better pain relief than either medicine used alone. In some cases, relief of pai more...

Vicodin tablet

Vicodin

Combination medicines like Vicodin contain narcotic analgesics (Hydrocodone) and Acetaminophen, and are used to relieve pain. This combination may provide better pain relief than either medicine used alone. In some cases, relief of pain may come at lower more...

Ortho Cyclen

Ortho Cyclen

Ortho Cyclen, also known as Norgestimate and Ethinyl Estradiol, is one of a group of birth control pills containing a form of estrogen and a form of progesterone that work to stop the release of the egg during ovulation. Be sure to tell your doctor of more...

Yasmin

Yasmin

Yasmin, also called Drospirenone and Ethinyl Estradiol, is one of a group of birth control pills that generally contain two types of hormones, estrogens and progestins. When taken correctly, Yasmin is an effective contraceptive that stops a woman's egg fr more...

Alesse 28 tablets

Alesse 28

Alesse-28, also known as Levonorgestrel and Ethinyl Estradiol, is one of a group of drugs called Oral Contraceptives, and are used to prevent pregnancy when taken properly. Alesse contains two types of hormones, estrogens and progestins, and stop a woman more...

Estradiol tablets

Estradiol

Estradiol (a form of estrogen) is a female sex hormone necessary for many processes in the body. Estradiol vaginal products release estrogen that is absorbed directly through the skin of the vaginal wall. more...

Lo Ovral

Lo Ovral

Lo Ovral, a combination of Norgestrel and Ethinyl Estradiol, is one of a group of drugs called Oral Contraceptives, and are used to prevent pregnancy when taken properly. Lo Ovral contains two types of hormones, estrogens and progestins, and stop a woman more...

Loestrin tablet

Loestrin

Loestrin FE, a combination of Norethindrone Acetate and Ethinyl Estradiol, is one of a group of drugs called Oral Contraceptives, and are used to prevent pregnancy when taken properly. Loestrin FE contains two types of hormones, estrogens and progestins, more...

Medroxyprogesterone tablets

Medroxyprogesterone

Medroxyprogesterone contains Progestins or hormones. Progestins are prescribed for several reasons: to properly regulate the menstrual cycle and treat unusual stopping of the menstrual periods; to help a pregnancy occur during egg donor or infertility pr more...

Ortho Evra

Ortho Evra

A backup method of birth control such as spermicide, the sponge, or condoms should be used when first taking this medication. Hormone medication can raise the risk of blood clots, heart attack or stroke particularly in women over the age of 35. Certain medication s can affect birth controls and can result in unplanned pregnancy. more...

Ortho Tri-Cyclen

Ortho Tri-Cyclen

Ortho Tri-Cyclen, also known as Norgestimate and Ethinyl Estradiol, is one of a group of birth control pills containing a form of estrogen and a form of progesterone that work to stop the release of the egg during ovulation.

more...

Seasonale

Seasonale

Seasonale, also known as Seasonique, is a three fold security against unwanted pregnancy, making it nearly 100% effective. The hormone combination prevents ovulation. The lining of the uterine wall and the cervical mucous are altered. more...

Triphasil

Triphasil

Triphasil is one of a group of drugs called Oral Contraceptives, and are used to prevent pregnancy when taken properly. Triphasil contains two types of hormones, estrogens and progestins, and stop a woman’s egg from developing fully. Be sure to tell y more...




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