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  Asthma

Asthma is a respiratory disease that causes the airways to narrow, and is often the result of exposure to an allergen, cold air, exercise, or emotional stress. These stressors are often called triggers. This constriction causes symptoms such as wheezing, shortness of breath, chest tightness, and coughing, and can be alleviated by medicines called bronchodilators. Most effects are not lasting, and the patient usually feels fine in between episodes.

Asthma Respiratory disease
Asthma


Signs of an attack are shortness of breath and wheezing. Sometimes, however, victims suffer primarily with coughing, and the cough may sometimes produce clear sputum. The attack may be sudden, the chest may constrict, breathing may become difficult, and the patient may begin wheezing. Other signs include rapid breathing, prolonged expiration, a rapid heart rate, abnormal lung sounds, and the over-inflation of the chest.

During very severe attacks, an asthma sufferer can turn blue from lack of oxygen, can experience chest pain or loss of consciousness, or even respiratory arrest and death.

Before diagnosing someone as asthmatic, all possibilities should be considered. A physician taking a history should check whether the patient is taking any medicine that is a known bronchoconstrictor (something that causes narrowing of the airways).

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, which closely resembles asthma, is more common with exposure to cigarette smoke, an older patient, less symptom relief after using medication, and less chance of family history of such problems as atopy.

A disease called Aspiration, whether due to a swallowing disorder, or acid reflux, can show similar symptoms to asthma, thought there may also be a fever that may indicate aspiration pneumonia.

Only a minority of true asthma sufferers have an identifiable allergy trigger. The majority of these triggers can often be identified from the history; for instance, asthmatics with hay fever or pollen allergy will have seasonal symptoms, those with allergies to pets may experience a slow down or even a stop to symptoms when away from home, and those with occupational asthma may improve while away from work. Occasionally, allergy tests are used and, if positive, may help to identify certain avoidable triggers.

The most effective treatment for asthma is identifying triggers, and then limiting or eliminating exposure to them. Desensitization is commonly attempted, but has not been shown to be effective. As is common with respiratory disease, smoking affects asthmatics in several ways, including an increased symptom severity, a faster loss of lung function, and a slower or decreased response to medication. In fact, asthmatics who smoke often require additional medications to help control their disease.

The specific treatment for patients with asthma depends on how bad the asthma is, and how frequently they suffer attacks. Treatments include relievers, preventers, and emergency treatment. Bronchodilators are recommended for short-term relief for all patients, and may be the sole medication used for patients who experience occasional attacks. For those with more than two attacks a week, low-dose inhaled medication may be used to help lessen attacks. For those who suffer daily attacks, a higher dose of inhaled medication, plus a long-acting also inhaled medication may be prescribed. For people who suffer severe attacks, oral medications may be added to the other treatments during these severe attacks.

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Combivent

Combivent

Combivent, a combination of Ipratropium and Albuterol is a bronchodilator (medicine that opens up narrowed breathing passages). It is taken by inhalation to help control the symptoms of lung diseases, such as asthma, chronic bronchitis, and emphysema by i more...

Accolate

Accolate

Accolate is the brand name for the generic drug named zafirlukast. This drug is used to prevent asthma attacks, not to stop asthma attacks. Therefore it is important that your doctor be notified immediately if you experience tiredness or fatigue, nausea more...

Albuterol

Albuterol

Albuterol is one of a group of medicines called Adrenergic Bronchodilators, and is breathed in through the mouth to open up the air passages of the lungs. Albuterol is used to treat the symptoms of asthma, chronic bronchitis, emphysema, and other lung dis more...

Atrovent

Atrovent

Atrovent, also called Ipratropium, is a bronchodilator that is taken by inhalation to help control the symptoms of lung diseases, such as asthma, chronic bronchitis, and emphysema. Atrovent helps decrease coughing, wheezing, shortness more...

Azmacort

Azmacort

Azmacort, or Triamcinolone, is one of a group of Inhalation Corticosteroids used to help prevent the symptoms of asthma. When used regularly, inhalation corticosteroids decrease the number and severity of asthma attacks, but will not relieve an asthma att more...

Flovent

Flovent

Flovent, also called Fluticasone, belongs to the family of medicines known as corticosteroids, and is used to help prevent the symptoms of asthma. When used regularly, Flovent decreases the number and severity of asthma attacks, but will not relieve an as more...

Fluticasone inhalation

Fluticasone inhalation

Fluticasone belong to a class of drug known as a steroid. Steroid prevents the release of substances in the body that cause inflammation. Fluticasone inhalation is used to prevent asthma attacks but it is not effective in treating an asthma attack that h more...

Foradil

Foradil

Foradil, known also as Formoterol, belongs to the family of medicines known as [beta ]2 -agonists. It is used to help prevent the symptoms of asthma. When used regularly Foradil decreases the number and severity of asthma attacks, but it will not relieve more...

Formoterol

Formoterol

Formoterol is a long-acting bronchodilator that works by relaxing muscles in the airways to improve breathing. Formoterol inhalation is used for the maintenance treatment of bronchial asthma. It is also used to prevent asthma attacks that are brought on more...

Ipratropium inhalation

Ipratropium inhalation

Ipratropium inhalation is used to prevent bronchospasm, or narrowing airways in the lungs, in people with bronchitis, emphysema, or COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease). This medication will not treat bronchospasm while it is happening but more of more...


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