doctor head
 
  pharmacy and drugs  
search Search
 
       About us       News      A-Z Drugs      Stores      Top Drugs      Contact  
  doctor doctor hand
 
  doctor legs  
 
 
 
 

  Diseases

  Newsletter
Subscribe to our newsletter:
Name:
E-mail:

  Angina

Angina is a term that is used to describe the pain, breathlessness, and choking feeling that can be caused by restricted blood flow in arteries that supply the heart. A typical attack of angina usually starts during exercise. It may feel like a heavy weight or a tightening of the upper chest. It is also likely to occur when walking after a meal, or during cold or windy weather. Anger or stress often makes angina pain worse.

Angina
Angina


The pain can move to the neck, throat, or arms and can make you feel that you are choking or that your arms are dead weights. The pain usually lasts for a short time and usually goes away fairly quickly after rest. The patient may also suffer breathlessness, sweatiness and a sense of fear.

Affecting about one in 50 people, angina can often be controlled with medication and certain lifestyle changes.

The majority of angina cases are caused by disease of the coronary arteries that occurs when the arteries become blocked by fatty deposits. This narrowing of the arteries means the heart cannot receive enough blood – particularly when it’s under the stress of exertion.

Other causes of angina include:
-narrowing of the aortic heart valve;
-anemia;
-fast, abnormal heart rhythms;
-diseases of the heart muscle.

There are three main types of angina: Stable angina, brought on by exertion and usually brief;
unstable angina, brought on by very little exertion or even when resting, and is usually the result of severe narrowing of a coronary artery;
and variant angina, caused by a spasm of the coronary artery, and more prevalent in women.

Though angina does occur in younger people (mostly men), it is much more common in people over 50. people are more prone to angina if they:
-smoke;
-have high cholesterol;
-have high blood pressure;
-have diabetes;
-do very little physical activity;
-or have a family history of angina.

If you have any of these markers, and develop chest pain at anytime, be sure to visit your doctor immediately.

Your doctor will ask you about your pain, will examine you, feel for pulses in your legs, check for swelling, listen to your heart and chest, check your blood pressure, and look for signs of high cholesterol or anemia. He may also order some hospital tests that can include: an ECG (electrocardiogram), an echocardiogram, and/or an angiogram.

A small daily dose of aspirin is often prescribed, because it decreases the risk of having a heart attack. Glyceryl trinitrate (GTN) is given for relief during attacks. This comes as an oral spray or tablets placed under the tongue. Other treatments to prevent an angina attack are: "long-acting" nitrates that widen the coronary arteries to improve blood flow to the heart; beta-blockers which slow the heart rate and the pumping power of the heart; calcium channel blockers which relax the coronary arteries and other blood vessels and reduce the force of the contraction of the heart; and the potassium-channel activator, nicorandil. Surgery may be necessary for severe angina cases.

There are several practical steps you can take to prevent angina: -if you smoke, stop;
-maintain a healthy blood pressure;
-eat a low-fat, high-fiber diet, rich in fruit and vegetables;
-try to eat oily fish such as sardines or salmon, once a week;
-have your cholesterol level checked - if it’s high, ask your doctor about the options for reducing it;
-if you have diabetes, you should aim to closely control your blood sugar levels;
-engage in regular exercise.




Amlodipine pills

Amlodipine

Amlodipine is in a class of drugs called calcium channel blockers. This drug works by relaxing and widening the lumen of the blood vessels, both the veins and arteries, making it easier for the heart to pump and reducing its workload. more...

Lotrel capsules

Lotrel

Lotrel, or an Amlodipine and Benazepril combination, belongs to the class of medicines called high blood pressure medicines. It is used to treat high blood pressure. The exact way in which this medicine works is not known. Amlodipine is a type of medic more...

Norvasc tablets

Norvasc

Norvasc, or Amlodipine, is a calcium channel blocker used to treat angina and high blood pressure. Norvasc affects the movement of calcium in the heart and blood vessels. As a result, Norvasc relaxes blood vessels and increases the supply of blood and oxy more...

Atenolol tablets

Atenolol

Atenolol, or Tenormin, is one of a group of medicines is known as beta-adrenergic blocking agents, beta-blocking agents, or beta-blockers. Atenolol is used in the treatment of high blood pressure, used to relieve angina, and in heart attack patients to he more...

Tenormin pills

Tenormin

Tenormin is in a group of drugs called beta-blockers. Beta-blockers affect the heart and circulation (blood flow through arteries and veins). It is used to treat angina (chest pain) and hypertension (high blood pressure). It is also used to treat or pr more...

Adalat tablets

Adalat

Adalat CC, also called Nifedipine, is one of a group of medicines used as antianginals, and antihypertensives. These medicines are also referred to as Calcium Channel Blocking Agents, and are used to increase the supply of blood and oxygen to the heart by more...

Amyl nitrite bottle

Amyl nitrite

Amyl nitrite is an antianginal, an antidote to cyanide poisoning, and is used as a cardiac diagnostic aid. It is inhaled, and is usually used to relieve the pain of angina attacks. It works by relaxing blood vessels and increasing the supply of blood and more...

Cardizem tablets

Cardizem

Cardizem CD, also called Diltiazem, is one of a group of medicines used as antianginals, and antihypertensives. These medicines are also referred to as Calcium Channel Blocking Agents, and are used to increase the supply of blood and oxygen to the heart b more...

Diltiazem capsules

Diltiazem

Diltiazem is in a class of drugs called calcium channel/blocker. Diltiazem relaxes your blood vessels which makes it easier for your heart to pump and reduces the workload on it. Diltiazem is used to treat hypertension, to treat angina and to slow unusu more...

Isosorbide Mononitrate tablets

Isosorbide Mononitrate

Nitrates, like Isosorbide Mononitrate, are used to treat the symptoms of chest pain. They are used in three ways: to relieve an attack that is occurring by using the medicine when the attack begins; to prevent attacks from occurring by using the medicine more...

Metoprolol tablets

Metoprolol

Metoprolol Tartrate is one of a group of medicines is known as beta-adrenergic blocking agents, beta-blocking agents, or, more commonly, beta-blockers. Beta-blockers are used in the treatment of high blood pressure, and some are also used to relieve angin more...

Nifedipine tablets

Nifedipine

Nifedipine belongs to a class of antihypertensive drug called calcium channel blockers. It reduces the heart’s workload by relaxing the smooth muscles and widening the lumen of the blood vessels (arteries and veins). It is used to treat hypertension or h more...

Plendil tablets

Plendil

Plendil is one of a group of medicines used as antianginals, and antihypertensives. These medicines are also referred to as Calcium Channel Blocking Agents, and are used to increase the supply of blood and oxygen to the heart by relaxing blood vessels. more...

Pravachol tablets

Pravachol

Pravachol, also known as Pravastatin, is used to lower levels of cholesterol and other fats in the blood. Pravachol belongs to the group of medicines called 3-Hydroxy-3-Methylglutaryl Coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) Reductase Inhibitors. They work by blocking an enz more...

Pravastatin pill

Pravastatin

Pravastatin is an HMG CoA reductase inhibitor. It is a drug for hypercholesterolemia and works by blocking the production of cholesterol (a type of fat) in the body. Pravastatin is used to reduce the amounts of low density lipoprotein (LDL) or bad cholest more...

Procardia XL tablets

Procardia XL

Procardia XL is one of a group of medicines used as antianginals, and antihypertensives. These medicines are also referred to as Calcium Channel Blocking Agents, and are used to increase the supply of blood and oxygen to the heart by relaxin more...

Tiazac capsules

Tiazac

Tiazac is one of a group of medicines used as antianginals, and antihypertensives. These medicines are also referred to as Calcium Channel Blocking Agents, and are used to increase the supply of blood and oxygen to the heart by relaxing blood vessels. Th more...

Toprol tablets

Toprol

Toprol is one of a group of medicines known as beta-adrenergic blocking agents, beta-blocking agents, or, most frequently, beta-blockers. Beta-blockers are used in the treatment of high blood pressure, and some are used to relieve chest pain and in heart more...

Verapamil capsules

Verapamil

Verapamil is a Calcium Channel Blocking Agent that words by affecting the movement of calcium into the cells of the heart and blood vessels. This relaxes blood vessels and increases the supply of blood and oxygen to the heart while reducing its workload. more...




© 2006-2010 pharmacy-and-drugs.com. All rights reserved.