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  Rhinitis

Rhinitis is inflammation of the nose specifically its inner lining. It can be due to allergy, which is characterized by itchy, runny nose. Sneezing, nasal congestion, itchy ears and throat, watery eyes, cough, headaches, and facial tenderness may also be present. It can be acute or chronic. One form of rhinitis is seasonal allergic rhinitis. It is due to pollen, dust mites, and molds in the air. Airborne irritants trigger the release of histamine. Histamine will cause the inflammation and fluid production in the nasal passages. A chronic type of rhinitis is perennial allergic rhinitis which may last for a year. It is caused by indoor allergens such as dust. For patients whom allergic rhinitis is not identified, a non-allergic rhinitis will be suspected. It is due to an abnormal regulation of nasal blood flow. Post-nasal drip is accumulation of mucus in the back of the nose and throat leading to a sensation of drips from the back of the nose. It is one the most common characteristics of chronic rhinitis. Post-nasal drip can be due to an accumulation of mucus at the back of the nose because of impaired normal clearance.

Rhinitis
Rhinitis


Impaired nasal clearance may be due to swallowing problems. Swallowing problems may result in accumulation of material in the throat, leading to hoarseness and cough if it will spill in the larynx. Advancing age, stress, narrowing of the throat or tumors, gastroesophageal reflux disease, and nerve or muscle disorders can lead to swallowing problems.

There are certain conditions that are often associated with increased nasal drainage. For thin secretions, the following factors may be responsible: viruses, allergies, cold temperatures, spicy foods, hormonal changes and side effects of drugs. Thick secretions are often due to decreased fluid content. Factors that can bring about thick secretions are low humidity, nasal infections, foreign bodies, structural problems. and hormonal problems.

Treatment depends on the underlying cause. A complete history and physical examination may be done to determine the cause. Treatment can be the avoidance of allergens. This is the best treatment. If allergens are unavoidable, these tips may be beneficial. Use a mask when cleaning the house. Installation of an air purifier may also and using synthetic or cotton materials for pillows and bedding may also help. Nasal irritants like cigarette smoke, perfume, aerosol spray, smog and car exhaust should also be avoided. Though they do not lead to a typical immune response, they can make allergies worse.

Washing the nose with salt water can reduce swelling and congestion in the nasal passages and sinus tissues. It also helps by washing away thickened nasal secretions, bacteria and crusts from the nose and sinuses. It can be done several times during the day. Do this by irrigating each side of the nose as you stand over the sink, aiming the stream toward the back of your head.

Decongestants temporarily reduce swelling of sinus and nasal tissues. They can help improve breathing and decrease obstruction. However, they should be avoided by patients with high blood pressure, heart irregularities, glaucoma, thyroid problems, or difficulty in urination because they stimulate the heart and raise the blood pressure.

Combination drugs are drugs that are made up of one or more antiallergy medications. They are usually combination of antihistamine and decongestant. They simplify dosing and often will even work together by canceling the side effect of the other. Allergy shots interfere with allergic response because overtime, the patient will develop blocking antibodies to the allergen, and they become less responsive.

Preventive measures for avoiding rhinitis include environmental controls like air conditioning, avoiding areas where there are mites and molds. Pets should also be avoided. Medications may include oral and inhaled medications, immunotherapy and allergy injections.

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Fexofenadine tablets

Fexofenadine

Fexofenadine is an antihistamine that works against the naturally occurring chemical histamine in your body. Histamine is the chemical mediator for an allergic response. Antihistamine is also termed as antipruritic, “pruritus” means itchiness. It is a lon more...

Allegra tablets

Allegra

Allegra, also called Fexofenadine, is an antihistamine, or an H1 Receptor. It is used to treat hay fever, and hives. Allegra works by blocking the effects of a substance called histamine, which is naturally produced by the body. more...

Flonase

Flonase

Flonase, also called Fluticasone, belongs to the family of medicines known as Corticosteroids, which are part of the family of steroids. Flonase is sprayed into the nose to help relieve the stuffy or runny nose, irritation, sneezing, and discomfort of hay more...

Methylprednisolone

Methylprednisolone

Corticosteroids like Methylprednisolone are used to provide relief for inflamed areas of the body. They lessen swelling, redness, itching, and allergic reactions. They are also often used for severe allergies or skin problems, asthma, or arthritis. Be more...

Mometasone inhalation

Mometasone inhalation

Mometasone belong to a class of drug known as corticosteroid. It prevents the release of substances in the body that cause inflammation. Mometasone inhalation is used to prevent attacks of bronchial asthma. Important information on mometasone inhalati more...

Singulair tablets

Singulair

Also called Montelukast, Singulair is used to decrease the symptoms of asthma and the number of acute asthma attacks. It is an antiasthmatic, leukotriene receptor antagonist. Because of how it works, though, Singulair should not be used to relieve an asth more...

Montelukast

Montelukast

Montelukast belong to a class of drugs known as leukotriene inhibitors. Leukotrienes are chemical substances in the body that are associated with the inflammation, constriction of airway muscles and fluid accumulation in the lungs. These things happen in more...

Nasacort AQ

Nasacort AQ

Nasacort AQ is a steroid. It prevents the release of substances in the body that cause inflammation. Nasacort is used to treat the nasal symptoms of allergies and other seasonal reactions. Nasacort may also be used for purposes other than those listed in this medication guide. more...

Nasonex spray

Nasonex

Nasonex, also called Mometasone, belongs to the family of medicines known as corticosteroids, which belong to the family of medicines called steroids. Nasonex is sprayed into the nose to help relieve stuffy nose, irritation, and the discomfort of hay feve more...

Phenergan tablets

Phenergan

Phenergan, also called Promethazine, is a Phenothiazine-derivative antihistamine used to relieve or prevent the symptoms of hay fever and other types of allergy. They work by preventing the effects of a substance called histamine that can cause itching, s more...


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